The CEFRL Level

COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK OF REFERENCE FOR LANGUAGES

 

BASIC USER: 

  • A1

Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and fundamental phrases to satisfy a concrete type’s needs. Can introduce him/herself and others and ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows, and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

 

  • A2

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to most immediate relevance areas (e.g., basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment, and topics in primary need areas.

 

 

INDEPENDENT USER:

 

  • B1

Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst traveling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on familiar topics or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

 

  • B2

Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialization. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

 

 

PROFICIENT USER:

 

  • C1

Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts and recognize implicit meaning. ABle to express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic, and professional purposes. Can produce exact, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors, and cohesive devices.

 

  • C2

Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently, and precisely, differentiating more refined shades of meaning even in more complex situations.